Scientists recognise that species continually disappear at a background extinction rate estimated at about one species per million per year, with new species replacing the lost in a sustainable fashion.
Today we’re living through the sixth great extinction, sometimes known as the Holocene extinction event.
But, as harmful as our forebears may have been, nothing compares to what’s under way today. Throughout the 20th century the causes of extinction – habitat degradation, overexploitation, agricultural monocultures, human-borne invasive species, human-induced climate-change – increased exponentially, until now in the 21st century the rate is nothing short of explosive.
When we hear of extinction, most of us think of the plight of the rhino, tiger, panda or blue whale. But these sad sagas are only small pieces of the extinction puzzle. The overall numbers are terrifying. Of the 40,168 species that the 10,000 scientists in the World Conservation Union have assessed, one in four mammals, one in eight birds, one in three amphibians, one in three conifers and other gymnosperms are at risk of extinction.
We will show you a list with 20 species that are critically in danger of extinction, but there are many more: whales, certain shark species, polar bears, etc. Only ambitious plans for protection can save these fascinating species.
Hooded seals are found only in small areas of the North Atlantic and are heavily hunted. The seal is known for its unique nasal cavity located at the top of his head, which inflates and deflates while swimming. The campaign also inflates when it feels threatened, attracts mates and symbolizes health and higher status. These huge animals can weigh up to 900 pounds and measure 8 feet long.
These marsupials live in the rainforests of New Guinea and Queensland, and as the name suggests, are members of the family of kangaroos that live in trees. Hunting and deforestation have reduced the strength of these amazing creatures to 1%.
These beautiful birds inhabit the Everest, the Himalayas and other mountainous regions of Europe and Asia. Bearded vultures were almost eradicated in the last century due to fears of attacks to lambs and children, and now, the WWF estimates that there are only 10,000.
Also known as the Mexican salamander, these little odd amphibians inhabited several lakes in Central America, including Lake Xochimilco in Mexico City. Since 2010, the strange creatures have been critically endangered and in a study in 2013 failed to find any salamanders in the wild.
The saiga antelope is found critically endangered. Inhabiting the Eurasian steppe, including Dzungaria and Mongolia. This incredible creature that seems alien, has an uncanny nose is extremely flexible and helps filter out the dust raised by the flock in migration. Hunting and habitat loss mean that there are only a few thousand of these strange animals.
The olm lives in the caves of Central and Southeastern Europe and is one of the few that is completely aquatic amphibians. They eat, sleep and grows underwater. Lives its entire life in complete darkness. The Elm has never developed eyes and instead has incredible senses of hearing and smell. Water pollution has led to its downfall.
David Attenborough once said that these wonderful monkeys are like “elves.” It is found in Asia, at a height of up to 13,000 feet. These primates with a short stump for nose are rarely seen. These strange monkeys have become critically endangered because of deforestation.
The world population of gharial crocodile is thought to number less than 235, most of which are in the Indian subcontinent. These beasts are 20 feet long weighing 350 pounds and dominated all major river systems, as their long, slender jaws makes them agile in hunting and eating fish. Overfishing by humans has been reduced the strength of this animal to 2%.
This strange kind of monkey found only on the island of Borneo, is known for his enormous belly and nose. These features gave it the nickname “Dutch monkey” after the Indonesians said the Dutch settlers who arrived on the island had great guts like these monkeys. The population of these monkeys was reduced by 50% in the last 40 years as a result of deforestation.
The Irrawaddy dolphins are found in coastal areas of South and Southeast Asia. These animals are known for their domed forehead and short beak, giving them a much stranger look from other dolphins appearance. Recent studies put their numbers at 77, citing overfishing as the main threat.
Coconut crabs are the greatest example of arthropods in the world, weighing up to 9 kilos. As the name suggests, the animals are known to climb trees to pick coconuts and then crush with their powerful claws. Considered a delicacy by some, these crustaceans are protected in some areas.
The Kakapo is the world’s fattest parrot and due to their weight problems, the only flightless parrot. Originally from New Zealand, the European colonization of the island brought with them cats who would make Kakapo easy prey. These birds are critically endangered, with only about 128 specimens remain in some predator-free islands.
The dugong is one of only four living species of sea cows and are located in the Pacific Ocean to the east coast of Africa. These majestic giants have long been hunted for their meat and oil, leaving them in danger of extinction.
The slender Loris elusive of Horton Plains has been seen only four times since 1937 and disappeared altogether from 1939-2002, raising fears that the primate was extinguished. It is located in Sri Lanka. They have big eyes giving them excellent night vision, but have also given birth to superstition. Some communities believe that the flesh of the animal can cure leprosy, and body parts can be used to ward off curses and spells.
The Gooty spider – or Poecilotheria metallica – found only in a small Indian forests of around 60 square miles. Collectors asking up to $ 500 for these arthropods of beautiful colors and this has led its population to fall significantly and are now critically endangered.
The markhor straight out of a fantasy book and it’s easy to see why it is the national animal of Pakistan. His high status and incredible style surprise and they were a perfect target for trophy hunters and now there are only about 2,500 remaining.
Quokkas are very friendly marsupial found in a small corner of southwestern Australia. Their kindness partly explains why they are at risk as they have been known to approach dingos and foxes in the hope of making friends.
Known as the “giraffe zebra.” The animal rose to fame during the 1800s, when they were found by British explorers – yet no one went home believing that a strange creature could be real. Today, you can only find in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and there are only 10,000 to 20,000.
Hunting and sale as pets and the large palm oil industries are the reasons for its critical situation. These consider the orangutan as an enemy of their crops and kill them without pity. Indonesia has lost more than half the surface of its tropical forest in the last 50 years to favor these plantations. These ape can only be found in Borneo and Sumatra.
This species is threatened by the human invasion of its habitat: China, Pakistan, India, Nepal. Living in a setting like the Himalayas has not prevented their number from falling to less than 5 thousand. This feline can live at altitudes over 6,000 m. Their skin is also used in trade and they feed on farm animals at times, so they are hunted when this occurs.
The delicate natural balance is being affected by us, every day we destroy forests, burn plains, pollute the oceans and river sources, we are changing the natural habitat of most species of the world.
So much so that over 33% of known species is on the red list of endangered animals. These are just some of the amazing animals that we might never see it again unless something is done.
Animals are an important part in Pakistan’s ever so beautiful landscapes. Sadly, due to increase in pollution, destruction of habitats and hunting enthusiasts, these animals are are at risk of extinction.
These are some of the many endangered animals in Pakistan:
Yep, the national animal! It is on the brink of extinction, too. This wild goat is classified as “near threatened” by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. There is some good news, though. It was discovered in early 2015 that their population has increased by 20%.
2. Mountain Weasel
These are creatures that live in the higher altitudes, mainly Kashmir. The habitat change is pushing their number to dangerously low. Human development is causing this change, such as the construction of roads and bridges. Their food supply is also reduced, having to share it with domesticated cattle and horses.
Source: Its Nature
3. Asian Black Bear
This big black monster seems to be an interesting hunting trophy for many people. That and expansion of human settlement into wildlife territory has affected their growth putting a threat on their species. It’s a shame people are destroying such things for personal pleasure.
4. Baluchistan Forest Dormouse
This tiny rodent is apparently an ingredient in medicine, putting it in high demand, especially for the Chinese. An interesting fact, this creature has a crescent shape on its chest. They might look ugly and small, but they are an important part to the habitat and its cycle.
5. Black Finless Porpoise
For a sea creature to be fin-less and unique should be all for special treatment and preservation. Unfortunately, this and many other marine creatures are suffering due to human stupidity and pollution.
6. European Otter
This endangered animal is one of the most rapidly dying creatures in Pakistan. Considering it’s a water animal, and the amount of pollution in our water, it is not so surprising why.
Source: The animal flies
Due to habitat changes these little rats are facing threats of extinction, this also one of the endangered animals the WWF has especially highlighted for protection.
8. Indus River Dolphin
This is a dolphin at high risk thanks to the development of the dams and other water storage and collection resources. This is one of the most recognized sea creatures we have, it would be helpful if we learn to take care of it, before it dies out forever.
Source: 3 News
9. Branded Eagle Ray
This fish is a part of the eagle ray family of fish who live in naturally low sea areas and shallow waters. Unfortunately, water pollution – people throwing away shopping bags and waste, factories spilling their waste chemical matter and sewage – is harming this beautiful sea creature.
10. Bigeye Tuna
This is an important fish for food. Unfortunately, rapidly increasing, uncontrolled pollution and recreational fishing has caused massive drop in the number of this fish. This endangered animal is killed brutally for human pleasure.
11. Marco Polo Sheet
This sheep, found in the northern areas, is a target for many hunters. Their spiraling horns and imposing stature are a thing of beauty, don’t let them die forever.
12. Snow Leopard
A unique creature in the mountainous areas of Pakistan that is also sadly under threat. According to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, as of 2003, the size of the global population of this beauty was estimated at 4,080–6,590 adults, of which fewer than 2,500 individuals may reproduce in the wild. Due to hunting and rapid human expansion, there is a very limited amount of these beasts left.
Source: Jim Shultz Via: Daily Mail
13. Siberian Cranes
Siberian Cranes nest in scattered breeding territories, preferring wide expanses of fresh water with good visibility. Sadly, water pollution due to human negligence and selfishness is the prime cause for their decrease in population. At one time, they were a common sight in Pakistan. Maybe one day if humans keep on with their selfish encroachment, you will say the same about horses or cows.
Source: Fereydun Kenar
14. Green Sea Turtle
It’s shocking to know that one of the most fascinating creatures isn’t developing because of our man-made horrid climate. It is illegal, around the world to collect, kill or harm them but law never stopped Pakistanis, did it? These animals are captured for their shells and skins to be sold at high prices in the black market.
Source: Cosmo Magazine
15. Long Billed Vultures
These creatures may seem sinister because they are flesh eaters, but they play an important role in Pakistan’s ecological landscape. They feed off of dead animal carcases and are an important part of the Parsi community’s ritual disposition of their dead. The deadly drug Diclofenac Sodium, which is used in the feed for cattle is a chemical compound that kills these vultures at a rapid rate. Pakistani skies were populated by throngs of vultures until 2001 and now areas like Changa Manga forest, which boasted a population of over 1500 vultures, has none today.
Source: Zahoor Salmi Via: Express Tribune
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