Immigrants In The 1800s Essaytyper

Transcript of U.S. Migration in the 1800's

U.S. Migration in the 1800's
Voluntary and Forced Migration
This migration period in the U.S. is voluntary and forced migration because people choose to migrate westward and people were forced to migrate westward.

For Example...
People migrating to follow the Gold Rush was voluntary.
People traveling westward was voluntary because they wanted to start a new life.
Children were forced to migrate because they didn't have a choice.
Slaves were forced to migrate with their owners.

Who is Migrating?
Interregional Migration
The U.S. 1800 westward expansion was also a big example of Interregional Migration because migrants in the United States were permanently moving from one region to another in the U.S.
Internal Migration
The U.S. Migration in the 1800's is one of the most biggest examples of internal migration because the migration going on at this time was a permanent movement within the United States.
The most important thing about the U.S. 1800 Migration is that it helped the economic development of the United States.
Push Factors:
Since people started to migrate to the U.S. farm land became more crowded
With more people to leave westward, the people who stay don't know as many people.

Push/Pull Factors
Gravity Model
Attitudes Toward Immigrants
Intervening Obstacles
The War of 1812 is an intervening obstacle because after the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 which opened up a good portion of the country, the migration process slowed downed. After the war had ended, the migration pace quickly picked up again.
Because only U.S. citizens were migrating westward, there were not any undocumented people or refugee's.
Not knowing the land very well and where to go was a difficult obstacle to overcome.
The Mexican-American War was a major obstacle because the Mexicans were fighting against the Americans for Texas. Texas became a legal state of the United States.
Slavery was an intervening obstacle because their was debate whether slavery should be allowed in the new land.
At first, the attitudes of the host land toward the U.S. migrants were very hostile. They were hostile because they viewed the land expansion as taking over their land, not expanding the economic development of the United States.
Slaves were migrating because they had to follow their owner wherever their owner went. Children, male and female of all ages were migrating. Adult males were migrating to find work and shelter. Adult females migrated with husband/family to take care of family and children.
Pull Factors:
There was more Availability of land for people to farm
Hearing about the success of family and friends moving west, they decided to move west.
The development of railroads made it easier to move, transport materials, and trade with people where they came from
The news of the California Gold Rush spread across the U.S. and caused people to migrate westward to California.
Manifest Destiny pulled people to migrate because it was the thought that American settlers were destined to spread across the continent.
The U.S 1800 westward expansion relates to the Gravity Model because the people who migrated west, migrate a short distance compared to where they came from, therefore there will still be some sort of interaction between the two places. Migrants still wrote back to family and friends back to keep in touch and communicate with each other.

Additional Information
Indian Removal Act - The Indian Removal Act, passed in 1830, granted President Andrew Jackson the right to remove Indians from their territories by force.
Oregon Trail - Oregon trail led many settlers to Oregon's Willamette Valley between 1840 and 1848. The Oregon Trail is still remembered today because it symbolizes the hardships and struggles migrants went through to travel west.
Trail of Tears - Between 1835 and 1838, Cherokee Indians moved west of the Mississippi on a trail. This trail is called the Trail of Tears. Between 2,000 and 4,000 of the 16,000 migrating Cherokees died. The Trail of Tears became a symbol for the harsh treatment of the Indians at the hands of the federal government.

Source List
The most important thing about the U.S. 1800 Migration is that it helped the economic development of the United States.
By: Mary-Louise Parkkila

Full transcript

In the late 1800s, people in many parts of the world decided to leave their homes and immigrate to the United States. Fleeing crop failure, land and job shortages, rising taxes, and famine, many came to the U. S. because it was perceived as the land of economic opportunity. Others came seeking personal freedom or relief from political and religious persecution. With hope for a brighter future, nearly 12 million immigrants arrived in the United States between 1870 and 1900. During the 1870s and 1880s, the vast majority of these people were from Germany, Ireland, and England--the principal sources of immigration before the Civil War. That would change drastically in the next three decades.

Immigrants entered the United States through several ports. Those from Europe generally came through East Coast facilities, while those from Asia generally entered through West Coast centers. More than 70 percent of all immigrants, however, entered through New York City, which came to be known as the "Golden Door." Throughout the late 1800s, most immigrants arriving in New York entered at the Castle Garden depot near the tip of Manhattan. In 1892, the federal government opened a new immigration processing center on Ellis Island in New York harbor.

Although immigrants often settled near ports of entry, a large number did find their way inland. Many states, especially those with sparse populations, actively sought to attract immigrants by offering jobs or land for farming. Many immigrants wanted to move to communities established by previous settlers from their homelands.

Once settled, immigrants looked for work. There were never enough jobs, and employers often took advantage of the immigrants. Men were generally paid less than other workers, and women less than men. Social tensions were also part of the immigrant experience. Often stereotyped and discriminated against, many immigrants suffered verbal and physical abuse because they were "different." While large-scale immigration created many social tensions, it also produced a new vitality in the cities and states in which the immigrants settled. The newcomers helped transform American society and culture, demonstrating that diversity, as well as unity, is a source of national strength.

To find other documents in American Memory relating to this topic, use such key words as immigration or immigrants, or include the names of specific immigrant or ethnic groups (e.g., German, Irish, Scandinavian, Swedish or Norwegian).
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