Patriotic yet hopeful, John F. Kennedy urges the American citizens to act as a community with the rest of the world. Anaphora and abstract words aid him in highlighting his hopes for the pursuit of community in the world. Hortative and imperative sentences were also strongly delivered in his speech to justify what the citizens of America should be doing to make these hopes become a reality. With these devices, the pursuit of a sense of community between America and the rest of the world is desired amongst the American citizens and international audience. Claim) Kennedy reaches out to the citizens’ emotional sense through abstract words in his clever application of anaphora. Evidence) “To those old allies whose cultural and spiritual origins we share, we pledge the loyalty of faithful friends.” Kennedy delivers passionately these abstract words, such as “cultural” and “loyalty” to emotionally arouse the citizens in a positive way.
He continues by elaborating about and creating pledges with anaphora to further appeal to the American citizens’ emotions. “To those old allies”, “To those new states”, “To those people in huts and villages”, “To our sister republics south of our border”, and “To that world assembly of sovereign states, the United Nations” tie the world together through the pledges that follow this anaphora that Kennedy makes in the name of America. “Let both sides explore”, “Let both sides, for the first time, formulate”, “Let both sides seek to invoke”, and “Let both sides unite” was declared by Kennedy shortly after to show how “both sides” should come together also in rhythmic, catchy application of anaphora. Insight) Kennedy was able to captivate the American citizens through their emotional convictions through these rhetorical devices.
Anaphora is applied to put great emphasis on these pledges and shift the speech to its climax. Abstract words create an emotional arousal in the citizens that should cause them to act on those pledges. This gets them to pay closer attention and feel more involved. Claim 2) Kennedy exposes his earnest attitude on the matter of having the world come together through his sentence selection of hortative and imperative.
Majority of the people know the eminent line “ask not what your country can do for you- ask what you can do for your country” (Kennedy). That is indubitably one of the most well known segments of his speech, however, there are other parts that made it memorable. He knew he was not only speaking to America, but other countries as well. His speech keeps the audience both focused on what is important and understanding of the point he is trying to make. He sought to send a message to the nation about the Cold War and his hope for peace along with his desire to inspire the nation. Throughout his speech, President John F. Kennedy uses parallelism, ellipsis, and antithesis to display to the audience that he was ready to be president and take on its challenges. Of the many rhetorical devices that President JFK used in his speech, parallelism was perhaps the most effective.
The repetition of “Let both sides” amplifies his wants for unity and peace. His first use of “Let both sides” begins with talking about unity not division. As Kennedy repeats this for the second and third time, he includes how all countries should come together rather than to stand alone and take part in wars against each other. The world should succeed and prosper as one. President John F. Kennedy focuses on the idea of unity and peace throughout his speech. With those two factors, the world can undertake great things without the need for war, tension, or other harmful actions towards opposing countries. In the beginning of his speech Kennedy is willing to “pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardships, support any friend, oppose any foe”. This shows his willingness to fight for what he wants for the country: liberty, peace, unity. There are numerous forms of parallelism in JFK’s speech; however, there are few which have become infamous and recognizable immediately.
Kennedy’s speech is short and to the point, making it very effective. JFK had moral intentions and wanted to help his nation along with the rest of the world. This is clear by his use of ellipsis when he says “This much we pledge- and more” (Kennedy). By saying “and more”, President Kennedy expects the people to accomplish and partake in more than the ideas that were listed. Not listing numerous ideas made his point clear and effective. It allows his audience to think about what else can be done for the country. Kennedy makes it clear that he intends to do anything and everything in his power for peace and liberty. He is telling the audience that what he said was not all that can be done, and that they were just examples of what should be done to reach that goal.
Kennedy uses ellipsis when he mentions “a celebration of freedom- symbolizing an end, as well as a beginning- signifying renewal, as well as change” (Kennedy). By strengthening his statement on the celebration of freedom, it confirms that with this freedom comes a new beginning alongside change. President Kennedy states this in the first sentence of his speech, which fortifies the idea of freedom and what needs to be done in order to attain it. By the use of antithesis, JFK makes his speech memorable by inverting his sentences. Kennedy goes on to say that America should “never negotiate out of fear. But let us ever fear to negotiate” (Kennedy). This statement outlines the entire purpose of President Kennedy’s speech-spreading peace and assuring the success and survival of liberty. Kennedy’s most famous line “ask not what your country can do for you- ask what you can do for your country” (Kennedy) creates an idea that is still used today. The idea it generates is that citizens should be giving more to the country than they expect to receive in return.
It incorporates the audience into his speech, which makes the listener feel as if they can also make a great impact on the world. It shows that America is not afraid to fight for what is right and the country is not afraid of working for what the entire world should be aiming for. Most inaugural addresses are quickly forgotten, but using the correct rhetorical devices in a proper and effective way can make any speech memorable. President John F. Kennedy’s speech is a prime example of a speech that stuck with people and is still be referred to time to time. Kennedy’s speech has stuck with the country for over four decades and will continue to have a great impact on the world. Kennedy knew what to say and when to say it through his own style and grandiloquence. He uses many different rhetorical devices to achieve the main goal of his speech. That being America is not afraid to fight for what is right and let the enemies know that America is not afraid of its enemies. President Kennedy uses parallelism to emphasize the key points and make sure that his message is given clearly.